A. Bacau – Focsani – Buzau – Siriu – Intorsura Buzaului – Brasov – (335km – 168 miles)
B. Brasov – Sacele – Cheia – Teisani – Slanic – Alunis – Brebu – Baraj Paltinu – Valea Doftanei – Secaria – Sinaia/Castelul Peles – Sinaia cota 2000/Lacul Bolboci/Sfinx/Babele/ – (220km – 115 miles)
C. Sinaia – Azuga – Rasnov – Vulcan – Hobav – Paltin – Poiana Marului – Zarnesti – Pestera – Bran/Castelul Bran – Simea – Dambovicioara – Rucar – Cumpulung – Curtea de Arges/Biserica Domneasca – (200km – 105 miles)
D. Curtea de Arges – Transfagarasan – Sibiu – Paltinis – (200km – 100 miles)
E. Paltinis – Saliste – Jina – Obarsia Lotrului/Transalpina – Ranca – Novaci – (175km – 90 miles)
F. Novaci – Targu Jiu – Baia de Arama – Cerna Sat – Lacul Valea Lui Iovan – Petrosani – Oabrsia Lotrului – Brezoi – (335km – 170 miles)
G. Brezoi – Avrig – Fagaras – Targu Secuiesc – Onesti – Bacau – (365km – 190 miles)
The Sphinx of Bucegi Mountains
The Sphinx of Bucegi Mountains is located at an altitude of 2216 m. Its shape gave birth to bizarre interpretations, both scientific and mystical. Geographically speaking, it is an odd shape that was carved in rock conglomerate by wind action known as corrosion. Thus, eroded sandstone and limestone alternating resulted in the present form. On a mystical side, the Sphinx was believed to be a representation of a supreme divinity of Pelasgian times. Its human appearance is associated with an expression of sovereignty and power, and this is evidenced by its harshly proportioned face, lips and chin. Pelasgians were previously Greek, their tribes particularly prevalent in the Aegean Sea. Many historians go so far as saying that the Sphinx of Giza, Egypt, is a copy of the Bucegi Platform. This is based on some similarities that are more or less random, such as the Sphinx of Bucegi being roughly as tall as its African counterpart.
The beginnings of this road are somewhat in the mist. Some sources say it was first built by the Roman legions during the Dacian wars, which is why it was historically marked on maps as “strategic corridor IV.” According to other sources, the paved road was built by the Germans for military reasons during World War I, though it was scarcely used at that time.
The Transalpina was rebuilt during the interwar period and opened in 1935. It was inaugurated by King Carol II, which is why it is called the “King’s Road”. The road was rehabilitated during the Second World War as the Germans reinstated it as a military access route. It is the highest road in Romania, the highest point being the Urdele Step (2145 m).
The Transfăgărășan (trans (over, across) + Făgăraș) or DN7C is the second-highest paved road in Romania. Built as a strategic military route, the 90 km (~56 miles) of twists and turns run north to south across the tallest sections of the Southern Carpathians, between the highest peak in the country, Moldoveanu, and the second highest, Negoiu.
Because of the countless turns, the maximum speed allowed on the Transfagarasan is 40 km/~25 miles an hour. Along this route you can find 27 viaducts and bridges, as well as the longest road tunnel in Romania – 887 meters (0.54 miles), which passes through The Paltin Mountains, from Capra to Balea Lake. The ventilation of the tunnel is made naturally, thanks to the extremely powerful currents.
The landscape is truly fantastic and the differences of altitude combined with the twists represent a challenge for hikers, cyclists, drivers and motorcycle enthusiasts. The most spectacular route is from the North. It is a winding road, dotted with steep hairpin turns, long S-curves, and sharp descents. Unfortunately, because of the Romanian climate, the Transfagarasan is only open for circulation a few months a year, usually from July until October.
In September 2009 the cast and crew of the British television show Top Gear were seen filming along the road. The experience has led to Jeremy Clarkson, the Top Gear host, saying about Transfăgărășan that “this is the best road… in the world” – a title the program’s presenters had previously given to the Stelvio Pass in Italy.